Installing Perl Modules

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Though modern-day Linux and Unix systems may have many perl modules already installed, the time may come when you use a module that was not shipped with your system or installed by your administrator. Don't fret - you can do this all by yourself by using the CPAN module. This document will describe how to use the CPAN module to install perl modules into a subdirectory of your home area which we'll call perl5lib.

CPAN Module Configuration

Execute the following command to start a CPAN shell:

$ perl -MCPAN -e shell

The first time you run this, an interactive question and answer session will be started as CPAN configures itself. You can take all the defaults until it asks whether you want any parameters for perl Makefile.PL:

Every Makefile.PL is run by perl in a separate process. Likewise we
run 'make' and 'make install' in processes. If you have any
parameters (e.g. PREFIX, LIB, UNINST or the like) you want to pass
to the calls, please specify them here.
 
If you don't understand this question, just press ENTER.
 
Parameters for the 'perl Makefile.PL' command?
Typical frequently used settings:
 
    POLLUTE=1        increasing backwards compatibility
    LIB=~/perl       non-root users (please see manual for more hints)
 
Your choice:  []

You should answer with the following long line:

PREFIX=~/perl5lib/ LIB=~/perl5lib/lib INSTALLMAN1DIR=~/perl5lib/man1 INSTALLMAN3DIR=~/perl5lib/man3

You can take defaults again until it comes time to choose mirrors of www.cpan.org from which you can install from. Choose as many as you like; I chose:

ftp://mirrors.kernel.org/pub/CPAN/
ftp://mirrors1.kernel.org/pub/CPAN/
ftp://mirrors2.kernel.org/pub/CPAN/
ftp://mirror.sit.wisc.edu/pub/CPAN/
http://www.perl.com/CPAN/

After choosing your mirrors, press enter until you get the cpan> prompt. Then quit (type 'q').

Now tell perl to use your personal module repository by setting the PERL5LIB environment variable. For Bourne shell users, you would do this:

$ PERL5LIB=~/perl5lib/lib
$ export PERL5LIB

You should also add the above two lines to your ~/.bash_profile so the PERL5LIB variable will be automatically set when you next log in.

Then start up CPAN again:

$ perl -MCPAN -e shell

You will be immediately greeted with the cpan> prompt. At the cpan> prompt, enter the following to get CPAN to update itself:

install Bundle::CPAN
reload cpan

and that's it!

Installing Additional Modules

Now that you have CPAN configured, you can install all the modules you want either from CPAN's interactive shell (perl -MCPAN -e shell) or from the command line (perl -MCPAN -e 'install FOO::BAR'). The modules will be installed into your ~/perl5lib/lib directory.

As a full example, we'll install the File::Slurp module:

[lsl1217@submit2 ~]$ perl -MCPAN -e shell

cpan shell -- CPAN exploration and modules installation (v1.7602)
ReadLine support enabled


cpan> install File::Slurp
CPAN: Storable loaded ok
Going to read /home/lsl1217/.cpan/Metadata
  Database was generated on Mon, 06 Jun 2011 09:27:35 GMT
Running install for module File::Slurp
Running make for U/UR/URI/File-Slurp-9999.18.tar.gz
CPAN: LWP::UserAgent loaded ok
Fetching with LWP:
  ftp://mirrors.kernel.org/pub/CPAN/authors/id/U/UR/URI/File-Slurp-9999.18.tar.gz
CPAN: Digest::MD5 loaded ok
Fetching with LWP:
  ftp://mirrors.kernel.org/pub/CPAN/authors/id/U/UR/URI/CHECKSUMS
CPAN: Compress::Zlib loaded ok
Checksum for /home/lsl1217/.cpan/sources/authors/id/U/UR/URI/File-Slurp-9999.18.tar.gz ok
Scanning cache /home/lsl1217/.cpan/build for sizes
Deleting from cache: /home/lsl1217/.cpan/build/Bundle-CPAN-1.858 (24.1>10.0 MB)
Deleting from cache: /home/lsl1217/.cpan/build/ExtUtils-CBuilder-0.280202 (24.0>10.0 MB)
Deleting from cache: /home/lsl1217/.cpan/build/Test-Harness-3.23 (23.9>10.0 MB)
Deleting from cache: /home/lsl1217/.cpan/build/ExtUtils-MakeMaker-6.56 (21.9>10.0 MB)
Deleting from cache: /home/lsl1217/.cpan/build/Module-Build-0.3800 (20.1>10.0 MB)
Deleting from cache: /home/lsl1217/.cpan/build/PathTools-3.33 (19.1>10.0 MB)
Deleting from cache: /home/lsl1217/.cpan/build/File-Temp-0.22 (18.2>10.0 MB)
Deleting from cache: /home/lsl1217/.cpan/build/Scalar-List-Utils-1.23 (17.9>10.0 MB)
Deleting from cache: /home/lsl1217/.cpan/build/Test-Simple-0.98 (17.4>10.0 MB)
Deleting from cache: /home/lsl1217/.cpan/build/Data-Dumper-2.131 (16.6>10.0 MB)
Deleting from cache: /home/lsl1217/.cpan/build/Compress-Raw-Bzip2-2.035 (15.9>10.0 MB)
Deleting from cache: /home/lsl1217/.cpan/build/Compress-Raw-Zlib-2.035 (14.5>10.0 MB)
Deleting from cache: /home/lsl1217/.cpan/build/libnet-1.22 (12.1>10.0 MB)
Deleting from cache: /home/lsl1217/.cpan/build/TermReadKey-2.30 (11.5>10.0 MB)
Deleting from cache: /home/lsl1217/.cpan/build/Term-ReadLine-Perl-1.0303 (11.0>10.0 MB)
Deleting from cache: /home/lsl1217/.cpan/build/YAML-0.73 (10.6>10.0 MB)
File-Slurp-9999.18/
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/no_clobber.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/edit_file.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/write_file_win32.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/error.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/pod_coverage.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/perms.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/binmode.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/pod.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/file_object.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/stdin.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/prepend_file.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/read_dir.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/large.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/paragraph.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/error_mode.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/TestDriver.pm
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/handle.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/data_list.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/original.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/append_null.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/inode.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/newline.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/slurp.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/tainted.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/data_scalar.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/pseudo.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/stringify.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/t/chomp.t
File-Slurp-9999.18/TODO
File-Slurp-9999.18/README
File-Slurp-9999.18/lib/
File-Slurp-9999.18/lib/File/
File-Slurp-9999.18/lib/File/Slurp.pm
File-Slurp-9999.18/MANIFEST
File-Slurp-9999.18/META.yml
File-Slurp-9999.18/Changes
File-Slurp-9999.18/extras/
File-Slurp-9999.18/extras/slurp_bench.pl
File-Slurp-9999.18/extras/slurp_article.pod
File-Slurp-9999.18/extras/FileSlurp_12.pm
File-Slurp-9999.18/Makefile.PL

  CPAN.pm: Going to build U/UR/URI/File-Slurp-9999.18.tar.gz

Checking if your kit is complete...
Looks good
Writing Makefile for File::Slurp
cp lib/File/Slurp.pm blib/lib/File/Slurp.pm
Manifying blib/man3/File::Slurp.3pm
  /usr/bin/make -j2 -- OK
Running make test
PERL_DL_NONLAZY=1 /usr/bin/perl "-MExtUtils::Command::MM" "-e" "test_harness(0, 'blib/lib', 'blib/arch')" t/*.t
t/append_null.t ....... ok   
t/binmode.t ........... ok   
t/chomp.t ............. ok   
t/data_list.t ......... ok   
t/data_scalar.t ....... ok   
t/edit_file.t ......... ok   
t/error.t ............. ok     
t/error_mode.t ........ ok   
t/file_object.t ....... ok   
t/handle.t ............ ok   
t/inode.t ............. ok   
t/large.t ............. ok       
t/newline.t ........... ok   
t/no_clobber.t ........ ok   
t/original.t .......... ok   
t/paragraph.t ......... ok     
t/perms.t ............. ok   
t/pod.t ............... skipped: Test::Pod 1.14 required for testing POD
t/pod_coverage.t ...... skipped: Test::Pod::Coverage 1.04 required for testing POD coverage
t/prepend_file.t ...... ok   
t/pseudo.t ............ ok   
t/read_dir.t .......... ok   
t/slurp.t ............. ok   
t/stdin.t ............. ok   
t/stringify.t ......... ok   
t/tainted.t ........... ok   
t/write_file_win32.t .. ok   
All tests successful.
Files=27, Tests=295,  3 wallclock secs ( 0.18 usr  0.08 sys +  1.93 cusr  0.54 csys =  2.73 CPU)
Result: PASS
  /usr/bin/make test -- OK
Running make install
Manifying blib/man3/File::Slurp.3pm
Appending installation info to /home/lsl1217/perl5lib/lib/x86_64-linux-thread-multi/perllocal.pod
Installing /home/lsl1217/perl5lib/lib/File/Slurp.pm
Installing /home/lsl1217/perl5lib/share/man/man3/File::Slurp.3pm
  /usr/bin/make install -j2 -- OK


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