Getting an account
Linux / Unix
Open a terminal and run
ssh -Y <YOUR_USERNAME>@submit.hpc.ufl.edu
<YOUR_USERNAME> is your HPC Center username, which was sent to you when you got your HPC Center account.
ssh -Y <YOUR_USERNAME>@submit.hpc.ufl.edu is what you would type in at a command prompt on your system. After this, it asks you for a password, which you type in. After that, you are logged in and ready to work. As a concrete example, if your HPC Center username is "smith", you would use the command
ssh firstname.lastname@example.org to log into the HPC Center.
-Y option is used to indicate that X11 forwarding should be enabled on the connection. If your desktop supports an X Windows server, X11 forwarding will allow you to run X Windows clients on the HPC Center's interactive servers and view the display on your desktop. Otherwise, the
-Y option is not necessary.
Microsoft Windows does not come with a built-in SSH client. You have to download a client from the web. We recommend the following software:
- SSH client - Putty
- Graphical file transfer clients:
X Windows for MS Windows
For Windows users who would like to run X Windows applications, there are several X Windows servers available for the MS Windows operating system.
For MacOS users, the connection instructions are very similar to those for Linux/Unix users.
Terminal, the terminal emulation application under MacOS is located in Applications/Utilities.
If you are having problems connecting to the HPC system, please let the HPC Staff know by submitting a Support Request.
Interactive work under Linux
Once you are logged in to an HPC Center server, you will find yourself at a Linux command line prompt. That may be daunting at first. However, you only need to know a small subset of Linux commands to accomplish most tasks. There are many Linux "Getting Started" guides online and in print. Below are just a few possibilities. Many more are easily found via a Google search.
A Few Basic Commands
While it is advantageous to have a working knowledge of the most common Linux commands, it is not a requirement. For the uninitiated, the following information may be useful as well as a good "Introduction to Using Linux" book.
|ls||List files in the current directory|
|more||View a file's contents|
|mkdir <dir>||Create a directory|
|cp file1 file2||Copy a file|
|mv file1 file2||Move (i.e. rename) a file|
|rm file||Delete a file|
|rmdir dir||Delete an empty directory|
Editing files on the cluster can be done through a couple of different methods...
- vi - The visual editor (vi) is the traditonal Unix editor. However, it is not necessarily the most intuitive editor. That being the case, if you are unfamiliar with it, the following tutorial may be useful.
- emacs - Emacs is a much heavier duty editor, but again has the problem of having commands that are non-intuitive. Again, we have provided a link to a tutorial for this editor.
- pico - While pico is not installed on the system, nano is installed, and is a pico work-a-like.
- nano - Nano has a good bit of on-screen help to make it easier to use.
You can also use your favorite editor on your local machine and then transfer the files over to the HPC Center afterwards. One caveat to this is that with files created on Windows machines, usually contain unprintable characters which may be misinterpreted by Linux command interpreters (shells). If this happens, there is a utility called
dos2unix that you can use to convert the text file from DOS/Windows formatting to Linux formatting.
#! /bin/sh #PBS -N testjob #PBS -o testjob.out #PBS -e testjob.err #PBS -M <INSERT EMAIL HERE> #PBS -r n #PBS -l walltime=00:01:00 #PBS -l nodes=1:ppn=1 #PBS -l pmem=100mb date hostname module load python python -V
To submit this job from submit.hpc.ufl.edu, you would use the following command:
$ qsub <your job script>
To check the status of running jobs, you would use the following command:
$ qstat [-u <username>]
- More Sample Scripts for more information on PBS scripts.
- See Modules for more information on using the installed software via the environment modules system.
Notes on Batch Scripts
- The script can handle only one set of directives. Do not submit a script that has more than one set of directives included in it, as this will cause the Moab/Torque system to reject the script with a qsub: Job rejected by all possible destinations error. This problem was first seen when a user complained about a script that was being rejected with this error. Upon further inspection of their script, it was found that the script had concatenated versions of itself in the same file.
- For more info on advanced directives see PBS_Directives
- For a more detailed explanation of what is going on in a batch script
Troubleshooting Batch Scripts
- Ensure that you are using the preferred MPI application launcher. At the HPC Center,
mpiexecis the recommended and preferred launcher.