GPU Access

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Interactive Jobs in the GPU partition are limited to 6 hrs

Researchers may use GPUs in the form of Normalized Graphics Processor Units (NGUs), which include all of the infrastructure (memory, network, rack space, cooling), necessary for GPU-accelerated computation.

Groups that do not have GPU allocations can invest into GPUs by filling out the Purchase Form or by requesting a Trial Allocation if they never purchased GPUs and would like to try them out to see the benefit before purchasing.

GPU-enabled Services

We have two types of GPU services for two different kinds of applications.

Hardware Accelerated GUI

GPUs in these servers are used to accelerate rendering for graphical applications. These servers are in the SLURM "hwgui" partition. Refer to the Hardware Accelerated GUI Sessions page for more information on available resources and usage.

GPU Assisted Computation

A number of high performance applications installed on HiPerGator implement GPU-accelerated computing functions via CUDA to achieve significant speed-up over CPU implementations. These servers are in the SLURM "gpu" partition (--partition=gpu).

Hardware Specifications for the GPU Partition

We have the following types of NVIDIA GPU nodes available in the "gpu" partition:

GPU Host Quantity Host Architecture Host Memory Host Interconnect CPUs per Host CPUS per Socket GPUs per Host CPUs per GPU Memory per GPU SLURM Feature GRES GPU type
GeForce 1080Ti 1 Intel Haswell 128 GB FDR IB 28 14 2 14 11GB n/a geforce
GeForce 2080Ti 32 Intel Skylake 187 GB EDR IB 32 16 8 4 11GB 2080ti geforce
GeForce 2080Ti 38 Intel Cascade Lake 187 GB EDR IB 32 16 8 4 11GB 2080ti geforce
Quadro RTX 6000 6 Intel Cascade Lake 187 GB EDR IB 32 16 8 4 23GB rtx6000 quadro
NVIDIA A100 140 AMD EPYC ROME 2 TB HDR IB 128 16 8 16 80GB a100 tesla

For a list of node features, and GPU name designations, see the Available Node Features page.

To select a specific type of GPU within a partition please use either a constraint for SLURM feature or a GRES with the needed GPU type.

Compiling CUDA Enabled Programs

To compile CUDA programs, please refer to the Nvidia CUDA Toolkit page. The current CUDA environment is cuda/10.

GPU Use Under Slurm


  • GPUs are allocated only via the investment QOS.
  • To increase the availability of GPU resources, the time limit for the gpu partition is 7-days (at most #SBATCH --time=7-00:00:00).

Interactive Access

In order to request interactive access to a GPU under SLURM, use commands similar to those that follow.

  • To request access to one GPU (of any type) for a default 10-minute session:
srun -p gpu --gpus=1 --pty -u bash -i
  • To request access to two Tesla GPUs on a single node for a 1-hour session:
srun -p gpu --nodes=1 --gpus=tesla:2 --time=01:00:00  --pty -u bash -i
  • To request access to two GeForce GPUs on a single node for a 1-hour session:
srun -p gpu --nodes=1 --gpus=geforce:2 --time=01:00:00  --pty -u bash -i

Open On Demand Access

To access GPUs using Open-On-Demand, please check the form for your application. If your application supports multiple GPU types, use the GPU type to select between GPU types:

  • To request access to one GPU (of any type, use this gres string):
  • To request multiple GPUs (of any type, use this gres string were n is the number of GPUs you need):
  • To request a specific type of GPU, use this gres string (requesting geforce GPUs in this example):

Batch Jobs

For batch jobs, to request GPU resources, use lines similar to the following in your submission script.

  • In this example, two Tesla GPUs on a single server (--nodes defaults to "1") will be allocated to the job:
#SBATCH --partition=gpu
#SBATCH --gpus=tesla:2
  • In this example, two GeForce GPUs on a single server (--nodes defaults to "1") will be allocated to the job:
#SBATCH --partition=gpu
#SBATCH --gpus=geforce:2

Alternatively, use '--gres=gpu:1' or '--gres=gpu:geforce:1' format. Note, if '--gpus=' format is used SLURM will not provide the data on GPU usage to slurmInfo and those GPUs will not be shown in slurmInfo output.

If no GPUs are available, your request will be queued and your connection established once the next GPU becomes available. Otherwise, you may cancel your job and try connecting again at a later time. If you have requested a longer time than is needed, please be sure to end your session so that the GPU will be available for other users.

Slurm Options for A100 GPUs

To use A100 GPUs for interactive sessions or batch jobs, please use one of the following Slurm parameters:




Exclusive Mode

The GPUs are configured to run in exclusive mode. This means that the gpu driver will only allow one process at a time to access the GPU. If GPU 0 is in use and your application tries to use it, it will simply block. If your application does not call cudaSetDevice(), the CUDA runtime should assign it to a free GPU. Since everyone will be accessing the GPUs through the batch system, there should be no over-subscription of the GPUs.

Job Script Examples

MPI Parallel

This is a sample script for MPI parallel VASP job requesting and using GPUs under SLURM:

#SBATCH --job-name=vasptest
#SBATCH --output=vasp.out
#SBATCH --error=vasp.err
#SBATCH --mail-type=ALL
#SBATCH --nodes=1
#SBATCH --ntasks=8
#SBATCH --cpus-per-task=1
#SBATCH --ntasks-per-node=8
#SBATCH --ntasks-per-socket=4
#SBATCH --mem-per-cpu=7000mb
#SBATCH --distribution=cyclic:cyclic
#SBATCH --partition=gpu
#SBATCH --gres=gpu:geforce:4
#SBATCH --time=00:30:00

echo "Date      = $(date)"
echo "host      = $(hostname -s)"
echo "Directory = $(pwd)"

module purge
module load cuda/10.0.130  intel/2018  openmpi/4.0.0 vasp/5.4.4

T1=$(date +%s)
srun --mpi=pmix_v3 vasp_gpu
T2=$(date +%s)

ELAPSED=$((T2 - T1))
echo "Elapsed Time = $ELAPSED"