Development and Testing
Generally speaking, interactive work other than managing jobs and data is discouraged on the login nodes. However, short test jobs (processes) are permitted as long as they fall within the following limits.
- No more than 16 cores
- No longer than 10 minutes (wall time)
- No more than 64 GB of RAM.
That above resource limits essentially define what we mean by a “small, short” job or process. These limits should allow for the testing of job submission scripts or even simple application development tests. If you need to run multiple instances of some process (gzip, make, cp, etc), you should observe the above limits and not run more than 16 simultaneous instances of any single process nor should the collection of such processes consume more than 64 GB of RAM.
Data management operations such as gzip, rsync, scp sftp, etc. can take a long time to complete and are exempt from the 10 minute time limit.
If you have development and testing requirements that exceed the above resource limits there are several options as described below.
SLURM Interactive Session
You can request resources for an interactive session (i.e. job) and start a command shell (bash, for example). Within that command shell you will have access to the resources you requested and can run whatever commands and processes you wish. Consider the example below. It will give you 4 GB of memory for 8 hours on a real compute host and present you, once the job starts, with an interactive command shell (bash). From that shell you can run commands and launch processes just as you would from any other host (login or otherwise).
$ srun --mem=4gb --time=08:00:00 --pty bash -i
Note: Because the requested resources must be allocated and scheduled by the batch scheduler, it could take any where from a few seconds to a few hours for your interactive session to start. How long it takes depends on many factors that include how busy the system is overall and what percentage of your group's allocation is already in use.
See the SchedMD srun documentation for further information and details regarding the srun command.
SLURM Development Session
The 'dev' nodes are set up to start jobs faster as long as resources are available. The software environment on the nodes within the dev partition is consistent with that of the compute nodes so you can run jobs and get an accurate idea of what resources are needed to successfully complete your jobs.
For example, to get a four-hour session with the default 1 processor core and 2gb of memory:
$ module load ufrc $ srundev --time=04:00:00
The srundev command is a wrapper around the
srun --partition=hpg2-dev --pty bash -i command.
Other SLURM directives can also be added to request more processors or memory. For example:
$ module load ufrc $ srundev --time=60 --ntasks=1 --cpus-per-task=4 --mem=4gb
- The default time limit for the developmental SLURM partition is 00:10:00 (10 minutes). The maximum time limit in the dev partition is 12 hours.
Pre-Allocation of Resources
Yet another approach is to log into HiPerGator and create a SLURM allocation under which you can run commands or scripts with 'srun' for as long as the allocation is valid. Whatever you srun under the allocation will be executed within a job environment, but there will be no delay for job startup. For example,
$ salloc -n 1 --cpus-per-task=2 --mem=8gb --time=10:00:00 salloc: Pending job allocation 33359121 salloc: job 33333333 queued and waiting for resources salloc: job 33333333 has been allocated resources salloc: Granted job allocation 33333333 $ srun hostname c99a-s1.ufhpc $ srun echo "Running inside an allocation" Running inside an allocation $ echo $SLURM_MEM_PER_NODE 8192
Enjoy the many ways to make sure your jobs are set up right. Test responsibly.